What is Metronidazole used for?

13th March 2019

What is Metronidazole and what it is used for?

Metronidazole is a medicine known as an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of bacterial infections that cause diseases in humans. It is an antibacterial medication that is known as a ‘Broad Spectrum Antibiotic’ drug. It is often used in the treatment of certain infections and other health complications. It is used to treat a wide classification of bacterial infections and parasites. It is useful for parasitic infections and not for viral infections. Metronidazole is used to treat common cold, flu, stomach, and intestinal infections caused by certain bacteria.

However, one very important use for Metronidazole is to clear bacterial vaginosis. A fairly harmless infection, it’s extremely common among women and is caused by a bacterial imbalance in the vagina. Because Metronidazole is an antibiotic, it clears this bacteria quickly and allows women to resume their daily lives (and sex lives).

When treating bacterial vaginosis, Metronidazole can be taken orally as a tablet. For the drug to effectively kill noxious and harmful bacteria, it is crucial to maintain an adequate level of medicine in the blood. Hence, it should be taken at regular intervals, without skipping any doses.

You should, of course, not take Metronidazole if you are allergic to any of its ingredients, so always make your doctor aware of any allergies you have at the consultation stage. A doctor will be able to determine if Metronidazole is the right drug for you and in the event that it isn’t, they’ll be able to recommend an alternative treatment for bacterial vaginosis.

What is bacteria?

Bacteria are tiny, single-cell, and microscopic microorganisms. They are among the earliest life forms found on earth. There are thousands upon thousands of various bacteria that live in water, soil, and air. There are a few types of bacteria that can cause ailments, which are widely known as pathogenic bacteria. There are certain bacteria that reside on our body. Bacteria can result in diseases by creating certain toxins or substances and invading our body tissues. They can trigger inflammation, coughing, sneezing, diarrhoea, fatigue, and fever that can impact our nervous system, kidneys, heart, and even our gastrointestinal system.

Bacteria, viruses and microbes

Bacterial and viral infections in the human body can be quite similar in many ways. They are both caused by microbes that spread easily by contact with infected individuals through sex or kissing, contaminated food, water, open surfaces, coughing, and sneezing, and contact with infected hosts like livestock, pets, insects, and more.

These microbes can lead to acute infections that are short-lived or temporary, chronic infections which can be permanent and last for a lifetime. There are also the so-called latent infections that initially do not cause symptoms but can, later on, reactivate after several months or years. Both bacteria and viruses can cause light, moderate, or chronic ailments.

Bacteria and viruses distinguished

Bacteria and viruses are both so tiny that you cannot see them without a microscope. Bacteria are complex, single-cell organisms with a sturdy wall and thin but rubber-type membrane enclosing the liquid within the cell. They are able to reproduce by themselves. Scientific studies show that these bacteria have existed some 4 billion years ago. Bacteria are able to thrive in various environments such as but not limited to extreme cold, extreme heat, inside the human body and in livestock, and in radioactive waste materials.

A lot of bacterial microorganisms help in destroying other disease-causing microbes, digest food, fights cancer cells, and afford the body with vital nutrients. Only one percent (1%) of bacteria can cause illnesses among people.

On the other hand, a virus is an infectious agent that is usually made of nucleic acid molecule enclosed in a protein covering that is very small and can be only seen through a microscope. They can multiply and thrive only with the help of the living cells found on a host. They are not alive; they can't grow or multiply on their own and must enter a living animal or human cell and take over the said cell in order to multiply. These kinds of viruses infect certain bacterial cells and cause diseases.

Viruses are very tiny organisms that can cause mild to chronic ailments in plants, livestock, and humans. This can result in cold, flu, or something fatal such as HIV or AIDS.