Gonorrhea: What is It?
Second to Chlamydia, Gonorrhea is the second most occurring sexually transmitted disease in the United Kingdom. In 2012 alone, there has been an alarming report of at least 25,000 cases from England. Since not a lot of individuals report it to various clinics or would even acquire the symptoms it brings, the actual number of cases can potentially be significantly higher.
This particular sexually transmitted disease is caused by the Neisseia Gonorrhea bacteria. It is usually found in the genital discharge of men and women. In some cases, it can be found in the eyes, throat and even rectum areas of the body. It is imperative that it is identified and immediately treated to prevent any occurrence of long term and serious health conditions, particularly infertility.
How Gonorrhea is Contracted?
Like many sexually transmitted diseases, Gonorrhea is passed on from one person to another via sexual intercourse. The bacteria that causes this infection is found in fluids that come from genital areas as well as the rectum. Individuals who share sex toys without properly disinfecting or cleaning is a high risk way of acquiring the infection, particularly if one of the users has it. If a pregnant woman has the infection, she is putting her unborn child at great risk of acquiring it as well.
To contract this sexually transmitted disease, all it takes is one sexual encounter without the use of protection such as condoms. Although people who have multiple sexual partners are more likely to acquire Gonorrhea, basically anyone who is sexually active can be at risk in acquiring it. And because of this high probability for acquiring the infection, it is imperative that people make use of proper protection, most particularly when with a new partner. Gonorrhea however, it not acquired by using an infected person’s swimming pool, towels, toilet seats and cutlery, nor is it acquired by merely hugging or kissing someone with the infection.
The Symptoms of Gonorrhea
A large population of women and some men who have this sexually transmitted disease may not experience any form of symptoms related to it. However, for the individuals who do have the symptoms, they may start experiencing it as early as one to two weeks or would start having in only after many months until they truly notice it.
Some of the symptoms for women include: pain or discomfort in the anal region, spotting between periods or suddenly having more heavy days during the menstrual period, abdominal and back pains, pain while urinating and some vaginal discharge which may be watery and green or yellow in colour.
For men, the symptoms may be as follows: Tenderness or rawness of the testicles, pain or discomfort within the anal portion of the body, a burning sensation or some pain while urinating and a white, green or yellowish discharge that comes out of the tip of the penis.
How do you know if you have it?
After learning about the symptoms, many might start to rethink whether they do have it or not. But before deciding to panic, it is best to really know for sure. There is a test which is easily available to take. The method is simple enough and it simply needs a swab of the discharge taken from the genital areas. This test will be able to determine the presence of the bacteria which causes this sexually transmitted disease.
For men, on the other hand, they can also provide a urine sample which will be tested for the presence of the bacteria. This test may be taken at many local and easily available genitourinary medicine clinics and even from your doctor.
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Side Effects of Gonorrhea Treatment
There are several side effects to seeking treatment for Gonorrhea. This include: headaches, flatulence or loose wind, feeling nauseous, abdominal pains and even diarrhea.
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